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To understand radon and how it affects the health of millions of people in the United States, we must first learn what radon is, where does it come from and how it can be mitigated( that is, how the levels of radon can be reduced to an acceptable nonthreatening levels).
Radon is a cancer-causing naturally occurring radioactive gas that is both odorless and invisible. One cannot smell it, see it nor taste it, but it may be present in a home. Forming from decay of small amounts of uranium and thorium, which is naturally present in rocks and soils, radon can easily move through soil and cracks in building slabs or basement walls and concentrate in a building’s indoor air. And that’s where radon becomes a threat to humans.
The Surgeon General of the United States has warned that radon is the second leading cause of cancer here in the U.S. Some scientific studies of radon exposure have indicated that children may be more sensitive to radon.
The primary routes of potential human exposure to radon are inhalation and ingestion. Radon in ground, groundwater or building materials enters living spaces and disintegrates. Though the high concentration of radon in groundwater may contribute to radon exposure through ingestion, the inhalation of radon is usually more prevalent.
According to the American Lung Association, every home should be tested for radon. Radon is very complex. Some homes within the same neighborhood may have levels under 4 picocuries per liter (pCi/L), while others may have well over that level, showing how sporadic radon can be. Now the precision of radon test is measured by a quality-control test called “duplicates”. One of our Eagle Eye radon inspectors will perform a test and send the sample(s) to a lab for analysis. The radon inspector will then formulate a report explaining the details of the findings and recommending a qualified contractor such as a radon mitigation company to address finding as and if needed.
Please view the below charts to understand the severity of radon on Americans in the United States, and how easy it is for it to enter your dwelling place.